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解析不同型号的热风炉安装程序有所不同

2018-12-03 11:24:55 常州市星火铝艺制品有限公司 阅读

不同型号的热风炉安装程序有所不同,但主要程序是相通的,简介如下: 1、安装前的准备工作这阶段的主要工作内容有:检查热风炉技术资料的完整性、准确性、并进行登记归档;编制有施工的技术文件;办理热风炉安装开工报告;清点到场的设备部件,对缺损件进行登记,填写主要零部件的质量检查记录;进行现场用地、用水、用电、用气和临建搭设;组织施工机具进场等。

The installation procedures of different types of hot blast stoves are different, but the main procedures are interlinked. The main contents of the preparation work before installation are as follows: checking the integrity and accuracy of the technical data of hot blast stoves, registering and filing, compiling the technical documents for construction, and handling the start-up report for the installation of hot blast stoves; Inventory the equipment parts on the spot, register the defective parts, fill in the quality inspection records of the main parts; carry out site land use, water, electricity, gas and temporary construction; organize the construction machinery to enter the site, etc.

2、热风炉基础验收与划线 这阶段的主要工作内容有:安装人员应会同建设单位、施工监理、土建人员对热风炉基础进行检查验收,并填写基础记录;按图纸坐标划出热风炉纵横向中心线,标高基准点和各基础的坐标中心位置。

2. The main work contents of hot blast stove foundation acceptance and marking stage are as follows: Installers should check and accept hot blast stove foundation together with construction units, construction supervisors and civil engineers, and fill in basic records; according to drawing coordinates, the vertical and horizontal central line of hot blast stove, elevation datum point and coordinate center position of each foundation should be delineated.

3、钢架及平台的安装 这阶段的主要工作内容有:检查钢架平台的数量及外形尺寸,填写记录,对超标应进行调整校正,并将校正后的实际迟寸填入记录表;配置基础垫铁;散装钢架组装成片,检查合格后吊装就位,并进行校正,固定,焊接钢横梁,实测焊后几何尺寸,填写钢架安装记录;热风炉基础二次灌浆;钢平台托架安装。

3. The main work contents of the installation stage of steel frame and platform are as follows: checking the number and shape size of steel frame platform, filling in records, adjusting and correcting the exceeding standard, and filling in the record form the actual delay inches after correcting; configuring the base cushion iron; assembling the bulk steel frame into pieces, lifting and positioning after checking qualified, and correcting. Fixed and welded steel beams, measured geometric dimensions after welding, filled in steel frame installation records; hot blast furnace foundation secondary grouting; steel platform bracket installation.

4、热风炉本体受热面安装 这阶段的主要工作内容有:锅筒与集箱的质量复查,尤其是胀接管孔的质量应重点检查、测量,并填写记录;受热面管子的质量检查、测量,并填写记录;受热面管子的校样、退火和管端处理;锅筒支座及锅筒的安装及固定,并作好记录;集箱的吊装就位校正、固定,并作好记录;胀管,严格控制胀管质量,并作好记录;胀管前后,对每根管子都应作通球试验,并作记录等等。

4. The main work contents in the stage of installation of heating surface of the main body of hot blast stove are: quality review of the drum and header, especially the quality of expansion nozzle hole, which should be checked, measured and recorded; quality inspection, measurement and record of heating surface tube; proofing, annealing and tube end treatment of heating surface tube; Installation and fixing of base and drum, and record; hoisting of header in place, correct and fix, and record; expanding tube, strictly control the quality of expanding tube, and record; before and after expanding tube, every tube should be tested and recorded.

5、水冷壁管排的组装 这阶段的主要工作内容有:水冷壁管的分片组焊与校正,组焊前后的通球试验,并作好记录;下降管的安装。

5. The main work contents of the assembling stage of the water-wall tube row are: slice welding and correction of the water-wall tube, pass-through test before and after welding, record and install the descending tube.

6、过热器的安装 这阶段的主要工作内容有:过热器蛇形管的校正与通球试验,并作记录;过热器箱的安装就位、校正、固定,记录;蛇形管、管卡、吊架的合金钢件的材质光谱分析及检验报告;蛇形管的组焊及几何尺寸测量记录,吊装就位、校正、固定,填写过热器安装记录。

6. The main work contents of superheater installation stage are: correction and global test of superheater serpentine tube and record; installation of superheater box in place, correction, fixing and record; material spectrum analysis and inspection report of alloy steel parts of serpentine tube, pipe clamp and hanger; assembly welding of serpentine tube and geometric dimension measurement record. Lift in place, correct and fix, fill in the installation record of superheater.

7、省煤器的安装

7. Installation of economizer

这阶段的主要工作内容是:钢管式省煤器的安装与过热器很相似;肋片式省煤器的安装主要要注意肋片管端法兰面的平行及垫片应涂石墨粉,水压试验及作好省煤器安装记录和水压试验记录。

The main contents of this stage are as follows: installation of steel tube economizer is similar to superheater; installation of ribbed economizer should pay attention to the parallelism of flange face of ribbed tube end and the graphite powder coating of gasket, water pressure test, installation record of economizer and water pressure test record.

8、锅筒内部装置的安装 锅筒内部装置的安装在热风炉本体水压试验合格后进行,其工作内容主要是:清点内部装置的数量,一一点焊牢固,防止出现汽水通道,保证汽水分离效果,并按图留出膨胀间隙。填写好锅筒内向下管的通球记录和锅筒封闭记录。

8. Installation of the inner device of the drum is carried out after the water pressure test of the main body of the hot blast stove is qualified. Its main work contents are: counting the number of internal devices, spot welding firmly one by one, preventing the occurrence of steam-water passage, ensuring the effect of steam-water separation, and reserving expansion gap according to the figure. Fill in the through-ball record of the downward tube in the drum and the closed record of the drum.

9、热风炉燃烧装置的安装 工业热风炉的燃烧装置,形式多样,现以链条炉排的安装为例,这阶段的工作内容是:链条炉排组装前对所有组件的清点检查,尤其是对链条和链板的节距及厚度的检测要记录;对炉架前后轴及链轮的装配偏差要检测记录;下部导轨和墙板座的安装,要以热风炉中心线为准,校正墙板和梁的位置,留出膨胀间隙;支架及侧密封的安装;前后轴的安装;炉链的安装;炉条安装;调整前后轴,检查炉链的松紧,合适后作炉排的冷态试运转,并作好记录。

9. Installation of industrial hot-blast stove burning device has various forms. Now take the installation of chain grate as an example. The contents of this stage are: checking all components before the assembly of chain grate, especially the pitch and thickness of chain and chain plate, and recording the installation of front and rear axles and sprockets of the grate. Distribution deviation should be checked and recorded; installation of lower guide rail and wall plate base should be based on the central line of hot blast stove, correcting the position of wall plate and beam, leaving expansion gap; installation of bracket and side seal; installation of front and rear axles; installation of furnace chain; installation of furnace strip; adjustment of front and rear axles, check the tightness of furnace chain, and make cold trial operation of grate after proper operation. And make a record.

10、热风炉范围内汽水管道、阀常州铝艺大门及热工仪表的安装 这部分工作较细,要一一作好检验、试验、安装记录

10. Installation of steam and water pipes, valves and thermal instruments within the scope of hot blast stoves is a relatively detailed part of the work, and the inspection, test and installation records should be made one by one.

11、锅体本体水压试验 要有建设单位代表、监理工程师参加,并在总体水压试验报告上签证。

11. The water pressure test of the pot body should be attended by representatives of the construction unit and supervision engineers, and the visa should be given on the overall water pressure test report.

12、筑炉与保温施工及风道、烟道的严密性试验,作好记录。

12. Record the construction of furnace and heat preservation and the tightness test of air duct and flue.

13、附属设备安装,除作好安装记录外,应作单机试运,并合格。

13. Installation of ancillary equipment shall be carried out on a stand-alone test machine and qualified, in addition to recording the installation.

14、烘炉、煮炉。要作烘、煮炉方案,制订升温曲线,并作控制,保证效果。

14. Baking and boiling stoves. The plan of drying and boiling furnace should be made, the heating curve should be worked out, and the control should be made to ensure the effect.

15、热风炉的试运行 热风炉试运行,是对热风炉的设计、制造、安装质量的大检查,要严密组织,建设单位培训的人员应上岗,并执行其成套的规章制度和操作程序;试运行应有当地热风炉压力容器安全监察机构代表、监理;建设单位代表及其他有关方面的代表参加;试运行合格后,应及时办理签证。

15. The trial operation of hot-blast stoves is a major inspection of the quality of design, manufacture and installation of hot-blast stoves. It should be closely organized. The trained personnel of the construction units should be on duty and carry out their set of rules, regulations and operating procedures. The representative of the local hot-blast stove pressure vessel safety supervision organization and supervision should be involved in the trial operation. Set up representatives of the unit and other relevant parties to participate; after the trial operation is qualified, the visa shall be processed in time. 



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